Ham Radio Portable Station

Ham Radio Portable Station

An Ham radio station set up in a temporary location is referred to as a portable station. A portable stations might be established to provideemergency communications in a disaster area, to provide public service communications during a large organized event such as a charity bicycle ride, to provide communications during an expedition, or for the recreational enjoyment of operating outdoors. Portable stations include the same basic equipment as fixed and mobile stations, although transportation of the transceiver, antennas, power supplies or batteries and necessary accessories often influences the particular selection. Equipment that does not weigh very much, or that can be broken down for shipment or transportation in luggage is especially popular with amateur radio operators travelling on DX-peditions.

Most portable stations rely upon generator or battery power. Because this form of power might be of limited supply, portable stations often operate at lower transmitter power output to conserve energy.

Some portable stations append a /P to end of their call sign (pronounced as “slash portable”) to indicate their status as a portable operation. In some countries, this is a regulatory requirement, whereas in others it is done at the option of the operator.

 

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Ham Radio Mobile Station

Ham Radio Mobile Station

An Ham radio station installed in a vehicle is referred to as a mobile station. A typical mobile station is equipped with a transceiver, one or more antennas, and a microphone. The transceiver may be specially designed for installation in vehicles. It may be much smaller than transceivers designed for fixed station use, to facilitate installation under a seat or in a trunk, and it may feature a detachable control head that can be mounted in a separate location from the rest of the radio. Antennas designed for mobile stations must accommodate the unique physical constraints of the vehicle and travel lanes which it occupies, allowing for clearance under overpasses and bridges, and safe passage by vehicles in adjacent lanes. Most antennas used in mobile stations are omnidirectional. Few mobile stations are equipped to communicate with Morse code or digital modes. Most mobile stations are designed to be operated by the vehicle operator while driving.

Most transceivers installed in vehicles are designed to run on 12-16 VDC, and are generally powered by the starting battery in the vehicle. Because of the power demands placed on the vehicle battery, most mobile stations either do not include external amplifiers or include amplifiers with power outputs that are more modest than those commonly found in fixed stations.

A specialized form of mobile station used for competition in a VHF amateur radio contest in North America is called a rover station. A rover station is often designed to be operated by a passenger in the vehicle rather than the driver, and may include multiple transceivers, transverters, directional antennas, and a laptop computer to log contacts made.

While it may not be a regulatory requirement, many mobile stations will append a /M to end of their call sign (pronounced as “slash mobile” on phone) while operating to identify themselves to other stations as a mobile station. Rover station operating in a VHF contest will append a /R to the end of their call sign (pronounced “slash rover”).

Maritime mobile stations are mobile stations installed in a watercraft, usually an ocean-going vessel. When in international waters, these stations are operated under the regulatory authority of theflag under which the vessel is registered. In addition to the regulatory requirements of amateur radio, operation of maritime mobile stations also requires the permission of the captain of the vessel. Maritime mobile stations append a /MM to end of their call sign (pronounced as “slash maritime mobile”).

Aeronautical mobile stations are mobile stations installed in an aircraft. In addition to the regulatory requirements of amateur radio, operation of aeronautical mobile stations also requires the permission of the pilot of the aircraft. Aeronautical mobile stations append a /AM to end of their call sign (pronounced as “slash aeronautical mobile”).

 

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Ham Radio Station

Ham Radio Fixed stations

An Ham radio station established in a permanent structure with equipment that is not intended for portable operation is referred to as a fixed station. This is the most common form of Ham radio station, and can be found in homes, schools, and some public buildings. A typical fixed station is equipped with a transceiver and one or more antennas. For voice communications, the station will be equipped with a microphone; for communications using the Morse code, a telegraph key is common; and for communications over digital modes such as RTTY and PSK31, a station will be equipped with a specialized interface to connect the transceiver to a computer sound card. While not a requirement for radiocommunications, most fixed amateur radio stations are equipped with one or more computers, which serve tasks ranging from logging of contacts with other stations to various levels of station hardware control. Fixed stations might also be equipped with amplifiers, antenna rotators, SWR meters, and other station accessories.

Fixed stations are generally powered from the AC mains electrical supply available in the building. Some equipment in fixed stations may run off low voltage DC instead of AC, and require a separate power supply. Some fixed stations are equipped with auxiliary sources of power, such as electrical generators or batteries for use in emergencies.

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Ham Radio

“Ham radio” redirects here. For other uses, see Ham radio (disambiguation).
An example of an amateur radio station with four transceivers, amplifiers, and a computer for logging and for digital modes. On the wall are examples of various awards, certificates, and a reception report card (QSL card) from a foreign amateur station.

Amateur radio (also called ham radio) is the use of designated radio frequency spectra for purposes of private recreation, non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, and emergency communication. The term “amateur” is used to specify persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without direct pecuniary interest, and to differentiate it from commercial broadcasting, public safety (such as police and fire), or professional two-way radio services (such as maritime, aviation, taxis, etc.).

The amateur radio service (amateur service and amateur satellite service) is established by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) through the International Telecommunication Regulations. National governments regulate technical and operational characteristics of transmissions and issue individual stations licenses with an identifying call sign. Prospective amateur operators are tested for their understanding of key concepts in electronics and the host government’s radio regulations. Radio amateurs use a variety of voice, text, image, and data communications modes and have access to frequency allocations throughout the RF spectrum to enable communication across a city, region, country, continent, the world, or even into space.

Amateur radio is officially represented and coordinated by the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU), which is organized in three regions and has as its members the national amateur radio societies which exist in most countries. According to an estimate made in 2011 by the American Radio Relay League, two million people throughout the world are regularly involved with amateur radio. About 830,000 amateur radio stations are located in IARU Region 2 (the Americas) followed by IARU Region 3 (South and East Asia and the Pacific Ocean) with about 750,000 stations. A significantly smaller number, about 400,000, are located in IARU Region 1 (Europe, Middle East, CIS, Africa).

The term “ham radio” started as a pejorative, mocking amateur radio operators with a 19th-century term for being bad at something, like “ham-handed” or “ham actor”. It had already been used for bad wired telegraph operators, who (like a ham-fisted boxer) presumably were seen as having hands as clumsy as if they were hams.

Subsequently, it was co-opted by the community itself, which adopted it as a welcome moniker, much like the “Know-Nothing Party”, or other groups and movements throughout history. Other, more entertaining explanations have grown up throughout the years, but are apocryphal.

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Don’t Make Fun of my CB Radio

Don’t Make Fun of my CB Radio

A few months ago, I bought my father’s pickup truck for the specific purpose of pulling of fifth-wheel trailer. I was excited to find out that my dad had thrown in his cb radio when he dropped off the truck. My wife began to make fun of me. My son thought it was strange that I had a radio in the truck. My daughters teased me without mercy. I told them to stop laughing. I assured that some day it would come in handy. On several trips to and from California, I would listen to the truck drivers talk about everything from the greasy food at the truck stop 10 miles back to the “local” who was on the prowl for a customer.

It took me a few minutes to figure out he was talking about a local police officers who was running radar, looking to fill his ticket book. Another time, when my family started complaining because we were stuck in a traffic jam along I-15, I turned on the cb radio and found out there was a major accident about two miles ahead of us. Coming home from Christmas break last year, the transmission in the truck went out, leaving us stranded in the middle of nowhere. It was snowing. There was no cell service. I turned on the radio and asked a few truckers for some help. about 10 minutes later, a highway patrolman showed up and helped us get a tow truck. Neither my wife, nor my kids make fun of the radio anymore.

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Kick Depression Out of your Truck

Kick Depression Out of your Truck

Everyone knows that trucking it is a lonely life. It so easy to get depressed, all that time spear for thinking in everything you don’t have close to you.

You can not be close to your love, to your kids, parents, friends, all that you do is just drive and drive. sometimes just sounds you are never going anywhere.

Our attitude, is what will count to kick away this feeling of depression.

1.Getting the proper amount of sleep will also help with feelings of depression.

2. Eating a healthier diet will help with feelings of depress

3. Get you some exercise. Walk around the parking lot every morning and every evening. Do some sit ups and push ups when you finish walking and stretching. Exercise actually causes a physical release of chemicals in the body that fights stress, and depression.

4.listen to happy music

5.talk to other truckers at the truck stop,same if you don’t have the desire.

6.Stop thinking or talking about things that stress you.

7. I hate to say that but get out of the CB Radiosometimes, Listen to inspirational words or something that will make feel good about yourself.

8.check up with a doctor.

 I hope you guys feel way better and have always in you mind positive thoughts always brings positive things.


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galaxy DX98VHP

galaxy DX98VHP manual

INSTALLING YOUR GALAXY DX98VHP

Choose a convenient location for operation that does not interfere with driver or

passenger. This radio is supplied with a universal mounting bracket. When mounting

the bracket and radio to your car, make sure it is mechanically strong. Also, provide a

good electrical grounding connection to the chassis of vehicle. Proceed as follows to

install the radio.

1. Locate a convenient area in your vehicle for the installation of the radio. Hold the

mounting bracket with the radio in the location where the radio is to be installed.

Make sure nothing will interfere with either the radio or the mounting bolts. Mark

and then drill holes for the mounting bracket.

2. Most radio antennas come equipped with a PL-259 plug. Connect this plug to the

ANT. Jack in the rear of the radio.

3. Extending from the rear of the radio is a fused red and black wire for the DC

connections to the vehicle’s electrical system. For best performance, it is strongly

recommended that the Red lead be connected directly to the positive terminal on

the vehicle’s battery and the black lead be connected directly to the negative

terminal on the battery. (Note, not connecting both leads direct to the battery may

cause performance problems) This radio is designed for vehicles with negative

ground systems.)

Connections should be made using appropriate “crimp on” lugs of a size large

enough to make good contact with the bolt used to fasten to the. It is a good safety

idea to install a second 50 amp fuse that would provide protection in case the red

wire was to “fray” or get pinched and short to the body of the vehicle, somewhere

between the battery and the radio.

High power radios such as this one require large DC current flow when in the TX

mode. Poor power connections cause supply voltage drops that can substantially

decrease the performance of your radio. A good DC connection is probably one of

the most important things for getting the best transmitter performance and in some

cases, least receiver noise.

4. Mount the microphone bracket near the radio in an easily accessible spot using the

two screws provided.

IGNITION NOISE INTERFERENCE

With weak signals, you may experience interference of the signal by background

noise. This radio has NB and ANL circuits that will help reduce background noise from

sources such as your ignition system. However, background electrical noise may come

from several sources and all noise may not be eliminated. With extremely weak signals,

you can operate this radio with the engine turned off, which should improve reception.

If the ignition noise level is too high to allow proper operation under most conditions,

you should have your installation of the radio checked by a qualified technician.

ANTENNA

This radio has a jack in the rear for a standard PL-259 antenna plug. If you are

looking for the most range for your transmission, use a vertically polarized, quarterwave

length antenna. Ifantenna height is a problem, you may use a shorter, loaded-type

whipantenna although you can expect some loss of transmission range.

To improve performance, your antenna should be matched to your radio. Your

antenna can be adjusted so that it matches your radio.

EXTERNAL SPEAKER

The external speaker jack (EXT SP.) on the rear panel is used for remote receiver

monitoring. The external speaker should have 8 ohms impedance and be able to handle

at least 4 watts. When the externalspeaker is plugged in, the internal speaker is

disconnected.

PUBLIC ADDRESS

To use the Public Address (PA) function, first connect an external speaker to the PA.

SP. Jack on the rear of the radio. See the above specifications for a proper external

speaker. Keep the speaker away from the microphone to avoid acoustic feedback.PROCEDURE TO  

RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT

A. MICROPHONE

The push-to-talk switch on the microphone controls the receiver and transmitter. Press

the switch and the transmitter will activate, release switch to receive. When transmitting,

hold the microphone two inches from your mouth and speak clearly in a normal voice.

This transceiver comes complete with a low impedance dynamic microphone.

B. PROCEDURE TO RECEIVE

1. Be sure that power source, microphone and antenna are connected to the proper

connectors before going to the next step.

2. Turn VOL knob clockwise to apply power to the radio.

3. Set the VOL for a comfortable listening level.

4. Set the MODE switch to the desired mode.

5. Listen to the background noise from the speaker. Turn the SQ knob slowly

clockwise until the noise just disappears. The SQ is now properly adjusted. The

receiver will remain quiet until a signal is actually received. Do not advance the

control too far or some of the weaker signals will not be heard.

6. Set the CHANNEL selector switch to the desired channel.

7. Adjust COARSE/FINE control to clarify the SSB signals or to optimize AM/FM

signals.

C. PROCEDURE TO TRANSMIT

1. Select the desired channel of operation.

2. Set the MIC GAIN control fully clockwise.

3. If the channel is clear, depress the push-to-talk switch on the microphone and speak

in a normal voice.

Jokerman cb electronics

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